How to Grow Horseradish Plant in Your Own Garden

Horseradish plant is native to Southern Europe but it is grown all over the world. It belongs to the perennial class which includes all other plants that only live up to 2 years. The root of the plant is the one which is actually used in culinary and therapeutic purposes. Generally speaking, horseradish is easy to grow. But if you haven’t had any experience growing crops, you might find it a bit challenging at first. But with the help of this article, you can, and you will be able to grow horseradish right!

About Horseradish

This plant is used in many cooking styles, being one of the pungent herbs that add strong flavor to any food. In Chinese and European cuisine, this plant is widely used in many vegetable recipes. The horseradish plant basically looks like a radish which grows up to 2 feet. The plant has large, rough leaves. Its roots are usually used in many recipes because of its very powerful tang. Its common name is horseradish and its scientific name is Armoracia Rusticana.

homegrown horseradish plant

The horseradish plant has been cultivated since the ancient times. It has even been cited in the famous Greek mythology and Apollo considered it as a plant that is worth of gold. It is also recognized in many histories. We can say that even before, people have already recognized the value of this plant.

Horseradish has also been used as an herbal medicine, particularly its leaves and roots during the middle ages. In some parts of Europe like Germany, Britain, and Scandinavia, the roots are utilized as condiments for meat and fish. When the US colonized some parts of the continent, horseradish was introduced to North America.

Growing Horseradish in your Garden

For many vegetarian and non-vegetarian, the horseradish plant is a great flavoring because of its aroma and savor. Because of this, more and more people are becoming interested in growing horseradish in their own backyard. Not only to save money but also to make sure that what they’re cooking is fresh and free from any chemicals. If you have enough space in your garden, you may want to plant horseradish. It will truly make your cooking experience more exciting.

So how is it planted? The method used in homegrown horseradish plant is root-cutting. You can buy the horseradish you’ll use for planting from nurseries or from local farmers. You can also get one from someone you know who grows the same plant at home. While it is true that you can find one from the supermarket, you might not get the best variety of the plant. It is always advantageous to seek help from professional growers.

The early part of springtime marks the best season to plant horseradish plant. As soon as you get the root cutting, you can start preparing the area where it is to be planted. Here’s how you do it. First, dig a hole on the ground which is deep enough to stand the root up in. you have to cover the entire root in an upright position. While holding the root, fill the empty spaces with soil until everything is covered, except of course the crown.

After planting horseradish, water it thoroughly and leave it that way. That’s it! It’s done! You don’t need to buy fertilizers for your horseradish. The minerals and nutrients it will get from sunlight, soil and water are enough for it to grow properly. It isn’t a sensitive plant as well, just like garlic.

Some Things to Remember

It is indeed so easy to plant and grow horseradish. The best thing about it is that once it grows, it’ll be yours forever! Horseradish will continue to grow and grow every two years. But you have to keep in mind that it needs enough space. Just like most shrubs, horseradish will cover all the space it can so if you don’t want to cover the entire garden with horseradish or if you’re maintaining some other plants or landscape in your backyard, make sure to put up a boundary that will separate horseradish from all other plants. You can also grow it in a container or use a plastic tub, dig it and place it under. This will help you take in control of the horseradish plant.

Horseradish grows best in placed with high-altitude. To have good yield, you can make a narrow end in the root cutting before you plant it in the soil. You also need to make sure that there’s enough space between the root cuttings. Each cutting should be at least 1 foot apart. This plant can stand partial shade and it greatly appreciates a well-drained soil.

When preparing the soil, you may need to remove the rocks, stones and other things that may interfere with the growth of the plant or may cause it to split apart. Maintaining the moist is also crucial in growing horseradish plant so that the roots can maintain its flavor and tender texture. Horseradish can get very hard if you don’t water it regularly. The aroma may also be reduced. So if you want a pungent and flavorful horseradish, make sure to water it regularly. How much water does it need? It depends, as long as the moist is maintained in the soil.

Harvesting Horseradish Plant

The second year of the horseradish plant marks the start of the harvesting season. The plant gets fully developed during the late summer and fall. If the harvesting doesn’t fall under this period, you can wait until the month of October or maybe later. When taking the plant out, you may need to dig the root deeper until you are able to get the root but be sure to leave just a little part of it so the horseradish plant grows back and becomes ready for harvesting the following year. Gently lift the horseradish from the soil.

Some people say that the horseradish plant is best harvested during the fall season while others say that it should be harvested in the early spring. Which of them is right? Well, they’re both right. It’s up to you which one to follow. Of course, it would depend on your convenience.

Growing horseradish plant is easy, fun and really rewarding. Once you have harvested the first batch, it’s time to make some delicious dishes and invite your friends to come over for a sumptuous horseradish dinner galore!

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